III. . Read and translate the text
Обмен учебными материалами


III. . Read and translate the text



To be a good pharmacist in future means to stude well in the institute.We can’t be bad pharmacists as well be responsible for the protection of people’s health. Deep knowledge and all our abilities are required for our future work. This aim can be achieved, but we should know a lot of subjects.

Pharmaceutical students master in theoretical subjects such as physics, general chemistry, botany, physiology,etc. From the third year they have classes in the following special

subjects:pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacognosy, pharmacology, etc. At the laboratories they study physicochemical properties of medicinal substances, methods and technology of their preparation, carry out quantitative and qualitative analyses.

During the period of studies students have practice in chemist’s shops, where they get acquainted with the equipment of the chemist’s and the work of pharmacists in general.

A chemist’s shop is a specialized shop where drugs are compounded, dispensed, stored and sold.An average chemist’s has a hall for visitors, departments for selling drugs and proper working rooms.

The department for reception of prescriptions and delivery of drugs is called a prescription department. At this department medicines are sold or made according to prescriptions. There you may buy powders and pills, mixtures and ointments, tinctures and decoctions, as well as drops, suppositories, etc.

At the chemist department one can see ready-made drugs , different things for medical care(thermometers, cups, hot-water bottles, bandages, cotton and gauze) and medicinal herbs.

At the chemist’s al l medicines are kept in drug cabinets, open shelves or refrigerators. Poisonous and strong-effective drugs are kept in drug cabinets with letters A and B respectively.

After graduating from the pharmacy higher educational school the future specialists can work as managers, assistants, dispensing pharmacists or chemist-analysts in a chemist’s.Working there they must see that medicinal preparations are in good from and ready for use.The pharmacists must also control laboratory reagents.

Graduates can also work in scientific research institutes, pharmaceutical plants, chemistry laboratories. They can become legal expert too and ascertain cases of poisoning people. To be a pharmacist is a very interesting and useful speciality.

IV. Запитання до тексту

1. What do we need to be good specialists? 2. Why can't we be bad pharmacists? 3. What is a chemist's shop? 4. What departments and rooms does an average chemist's have? 5. What drugs can you buy at the prescription department? 6. What do you know about the chemist department? 7. What things for medical care can you name? 8. Where are drugs kept in the chemist's shop? 9. Where can one work with a pharmacy diploma? 10. Where would you like to work in future? Why there?

V. Заповніть пропуски словами з активного словника:

1. Pharmacology is a theoretical basis of... medicine. 2. Students ... the methods of chemical analysis. 3. We test the ... of drugs in pharmaceutical chemistry. 4. Chemistry is the science about... 5. Methods of... are studied by analytical chemistry.

VI. Дайте визначення науковим дисциплінам за зразком:

Model: Pharmacology.

— Pharmacology is the science about drugs.

1. Chemistry. 2. Biology. 3. Pharmacognosy. 4. Physiology.

VII. Напишіть по три речення про те, що ви нещодавно змогли зробити, та про те, що не змогли. Почніть із таких слів:

I was able to... I wasn't able to... I couldn't... 1 managed to... I didn't manage to...

VIII. Прочитайте фрази, запам'ятайте їх:


Would you mind...? No, of course not

Could you...? Yes, of course

I'd like you to ... Certainly / All right

Would you mind if I …? Not at all

Do you mind if I...? No, of course not

May I...? Yes, of course

Is it all right if I...? Go right ahead

Could I...? Sure

IX. Що б ви сказали у подібній ситуації? Використайте фрази, подані вище.

1 .The door is locked. 2. You need a dictionary. 3. You can't do your homework. 4. You are hungry. 5. You want to make a phone call. 6. You feel unwell.

X. Напишіть запитання, вживаючи ввічливе прохання:

Example: May | use | telephone?

— May I use your telephone?

1. Can |use| dictionary? 2. mind |I| close the window? 3. can |look at| newspaper? 4. alright if| sit here? 5. mind |I turn off | television?

XI. Попросіть дозволу, звертаючи увагу на офіційне та неофіційне прохання:

Example:

You are in a friend's house. You want to use the phone.

Can I use the phone? — Yes, do.

You are at your boss's house. You want to use the bathroom.



May luse the bathroom? — Yes, of course.

A. 1. You are at your parents' house. You want to watch television. 2. You are on a train.
You want to borrow a newspaper from another passenger. 3. You are at a friend's house.
You want to make a cup of tea. 4. You are in a crowded cafe. There is only one seat next
to an old lady. You want to sit down. 5. You are at a friend's house. You want to play
some records.

B. Що б ви відповіли на такі запитання:

Do people in your country ask permission to smoke, use the phone, or help themselves to something to drink in a friend's house? What other things do people ask permission to do?

XII. Забороніть ці дії. Будьте ввічливими!

Example:

l. May I come and see you this evening?

Well, actually, (I've got guests for supper)

2.Can I smoke here?

Sony, but (I feel sick when people smoke)

З.Сап I telephone you at work? 4. May I open the window? 5. Can I borrow your car? 6. May I play your new ABBA record?

ХІП. Які з поданих фраз будуть ввічливим проханням, якщо їх використати замість X?

1. The room's so cold. X the door?

a) Would you mind closing

b) Do you ever close

c) Could you please close

d) Would you be so kind as to close

e) Are you close to

f) Why doesn't someone close

g) Is there someone at

h) Have you seen it?

i) It cost me a lot of money.

j) Could you possibly lend me $10?

k) Would you kindly lend me $10?

l) May I borrow $10 from you?

m)You haven't got $10 to spare, have you?

h) Lend me $10, will you?

i) I shan't be able to do my shopping without it.

XIV. Прочитайте діалоги. Розіграйте їх.

A. AT THE PRESCRIPTION DEPARTMENT

(С — customer; P — pharmacist)

C: Excuse me, сап I get this prescription made up?

P: Certainly. We have all ingredients for this solution.

C: Is this medicine for external or internal use?

P: This is for intramuscular or intravenous injections.

C: When will it be ready?

P: Come back this time tomorrow.

C: And I'd like you to give me something for headache.

P: Please, ask in the chemist department.

B. AT THE CHEMIST DEPARTMENT

C: May I have something for headache and high blood pressure?

P: We have Citramonum for headache and Adelphane for hypertension. But you'd better not take

Adelphane without doctor's advice.

C: Are there any contraindications for it?

P: The preparation is contraindicated in ulcerative diseases of the stomach. Side effects are also possible.

C: Don't you have an analogue?

P: Reserpinum, but it is less effective.

C: Well, and could you tell me how I should take this medicine?

P: Three times a day before meals.

C: Thank you very much for the information.

XV. Складіть свої власні діалоги, використовуючи слова:

cardiac medicine, tranquilizer, analgetic, laxative,, diuretic, sedative, depressant, antiinflammatory, hypnotic.

XVI. Прочитайте та перекажіть уривки англійською мовою:

CHEMISTRY IS ONE OF THE MAIN SUBJECTS FOR PHARMACY STUDENTS

It is the science about physical and chemical properties of substances, their composition and transformations. It has traditionally been divided into several categories for study.

Studying general and inorganic chemistry students get acquainted with such subjects as biochemistry, physical chemistry, physiology, pharmacology as well.

The importance of organic chemistry in the study of pharmacy as a whole is like the importance of mathematics for engineers, because about 3/4 medicinal preparations studied by pharmaceutical chemistry are organic substances.

While studying analytical chemistry students master the classical and modern methods of chemical analysis which are used further in the examination of drugs.

Biological sciences give the future specialists the idea of human anatomy, drug biosynthesis of microbic origin.

Pharmaceutical chemistry is one of the important in the range of special subjects, it leads in testing of drug quality. It is the basis of such sciences as toxicological chemistry, technology of drugs, organization and economy of pharmacy.

The rational use of drugs is studied by pharmacology. It is a theoretical basis of preventive and curative medicine. The students study how to test the mechanism of drug action.

QUESTIONS

1. What is the main subject studied by pharmaceutical students? 2. What does chemistry study? 3. What kinds of chemistry do you know? 4. What special subjects do pharmacy students study? 5. What do you think the most important subjects for your future profession are?

PHARMACEUTICAL TRAINING IN GREAT BRITAIN

Pharmacists are trained at the university colleges. They have professional competence in advising medical practitioners on dosage and other names for pharmaceutical preparations. They determine the effect of different formulations on therapeutic activity.

Students who are at their first year study experimental physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics. Three-quarters of the second and third year are cetred at the college of Pharmacy and one quarter — at the department of Pharmacology, University College. In the second and third year they study pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacognozy and microbiology.

Pharmacists receive university education which enables them to compound prescriptions and gives them scientific knowledge to understand the properties of the material and their pharmacological effects.

QUESTIONS

1. Where are pharmacists trained in Great Britain? 2. What do the first-year students study? 3. Where are three-quarters of the second and third year of studies centred? 4. What subjects are studied in the second' and third years? 5. What does university education J enable pharmacists?

XVII. Що б ви сказали у подібній ситуації?

1. Ви зустрічаєтесь із своїм шкільним другом. Розкажіть йому про свою майбутню спеціальність.

2. Уявіть собі, що ви приїхали навчатись у британський фармацевтичний коледж. Які запитання ви поставите перед своїми майбутніми однокурсниками стосовно навчального процесу в їхньому навчальному закладі?

3. Уявіть собі, що ви репортер, який бере інтерв'ю у ректора УкрФА, щодо спеціальностей, яким навчають у академії. Розіграйте це інтерв'ю із своїм партнером. Будьте дуже ввічливим.

4. Уявіть собі, що ви молодий спеціаліст, який прийшов на роботу в аптеку. Продумайте, що ви запитаєте у завідуючого аптекою та які запитання він може поставити перед вами. Розіграйте ситуацію, використовуючи такі фрази:

5. Уявіть собі, що ви репортер, який бере інтерв'ю у ректора УкрФА, щодо спеціальностей, яким навчають у академії. Розіграйте це інтерв'ю із своїм партнером. Будьте дуже ввічливим.

6. Уявіть собі, що ви молодий спеціаліст, який прийшов на роботу в аптеку. Продумайте, що ви запитаєте у завідуючого аптекою та які запитання він може поставити перед вами. Розіграйте ситуацію, використовуючи такі фрази:

Do I have to..?

Is it necessary to..?

Should I..?

Do I need to..?

It's a good idea to...

If you want you can... You're (not) allowed to.


XVIII. Перекладіть речення на англійську мову:

1. У відділі готових ліків ми можемо купити речі медичного догляду, наприклад, термометр, грілку, бинт, банки та інші. 2. Лікар може призначити ці ліки у формі внутрішньом'язових ін'єкцій або орально після їжі. 3. У великих дозах ліки можуть діяти як отрута. 4. В Англії лікарі повинні виписувати рецепти англійською мовою. 5. Вам слід зберігати цю мазь у темному та прохолодному місці. 6. Для того щоб стати добрим фахівцем, тобі треба оволодіти великою кількістю дисциплін.


Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2018-09-12;


weddingpedia.ru 2018 год. Все права принадлежат их авторам! Главная